CHEM 30B Dr. R. Rinehart
Quiz 6: Carbohydrates Study Guide
Be able to describe four functions of carbohydrates in living organisms.
Know the common physical properties of: simple sugars, starches, cellulose
Know [be able to recognize and/or draw] the structures in both Fischer and Haworth projections of the following sugars: D-glyceraldehyde, dihydroxyacetone, D-ribose, D-2-deoxyribose, D-fructose, D-glucose, D-galactose, D-mannose
Demonstrate the structural relationship between a D- sugar and an L- sugar of the same name.
Know the meaning of the following terms: chiral molecule, chiral center, enantiomer, epimer, diastereomer, anomer, monosaccharide, disaccharide, oligosaccharide, polysaccharide, polarized light, dextrorotatory, levorotatory, Fischer projection, Haworth projection,
Know how to recognize whether any sugar structure presented is: D- or L- // a- or b- // furanose or pyranose // aldose or ketose // triose, tetrose, pentose, or hexose
Know the natural sources of, the uses of, and the components and types of linkage present in: lactose, maltose, sucrose, amylose, amylopectin, cellulose
Know what is meant by the term "reducing sugar" and be able to determine whether any of the sugars listed above or any other structure presented is reducing or not.
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