CHEM 30B Dr. R. Rinehart
DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis


NUMBER the pyrimidine and purine ring systems

CLASSIFY a given base as a pyrimidine or purine

STATE the components of nucleosides and nucleotides

RECOGNIZE and NAME and/or DRAW the structures of: adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine, uracil, ribose, 2-deoxyribose, and the corresponding nucleotides and nucleosides

DESCRIBE the backbone structure of DNA and RNA

DESCRIBE the secondary structure of DNA, including forces involved and specific base pairs

DRAW the hydrogen bonds in a given base pair

DESCRIBE what happens during semiconservative DNA replication

DIFFERENTIATE the three classes of RNA based on function and size

STATE the central dogma of molecular biology

DESCRIBE the structure of a tRNA molecule

Given the base sequence of a DNA strand, PREDICT the sequence of its complementary strand or RNA transcript

STATE the base sequence of the initiation and termination codons

GIVEN a mRNA sequence and the genetic code-word dictionary, PREDICT the amino acid sequence of the resultant translation product

OUTLINE the stages of translation

DESCRIBE the causes and effects of various types of mutations

DEFINE any of the words in bold above or in the vocabulary at the end of the chapter if it was covered in class